Wire Light Fixtures vs. Dome Light Fixtures for Reptiles, and Everything Else You Need to Know about UV
Photo courtesy of Giancarlo Piccinato
When you're ready to take home a new reptile or amphibian one of the first things you'll need is a UV lamp. That's because many species are diurnal and require heat and a UVB light source. You may notice that basking lights can be placed in two different kinds of light fixtures—wire fixtures or dome fixtures.
Is one better than the other?
This article looks into the differences between wire and dome light fixtures, including the pros and cons of each, as well as why exotic pets need UV lighting. Let's get started…
Wire light fixtures
Wire light fixtures are typically wire metal cages for a light bulb affixed to a porcelain light socket. They do not shield eyes from any of the light being emitted from a heat lamp or UVB bulb. So why is there anything around the socket at all if it doesn't reduce the light outside an animal's enclosure?
Simple. The wire is there to protect people and animals from touching the bulb accidentally, and to protect the bulb from tapping against the side of the enclosure and breaking.
- Wire design prevents the bulb from overheating.
- Extends the life of your bulbs.
- Safe for ceramic heat emitters.
- Creates a good temperature gradient for pets.
- Kind of ugly to look at.
- May raise the temperature of the room it's in slightly because the bulb is not shaded.
Dome light fixtures
Dome light fixtures are typically made of metal and create a deep dome around the outside of the bulb. This shades the bulb, and prevents some of the heat and light from reaching human inhabitants a room. Although it is designed with polished aluminum on the inside to reflect more heat and UV rays out into the enclosure, it does not give as much of a gradient as the wire fixture.
- More attractive than wire light fixtures.
- Keeps more of the heat in the animal’s enclosure rather than escaping into the room.
- More likely to cause bulbs to overheat and burn out faster.
- Reduces the area of the heat gradient in the enclosure.
Because UVB and heat bulbs can get expensive and need to be replaced over time, many exotic pet specialists recommend wire fixtures.
A variety of UV lighting is essential to many reptile species. In fact, most reptiles can see a greater range of light than humans can, meaning they have additional colors in their rainbow. This is quite beneficial for them. For instance, they are able to sense infrared light in many cases, and since they are cold-blooded, they require the heat from infrared light for energy and warmth.
Many reptiles also see a wider spectrum of light, including both the visible spectrum and UVA (which humans cannot see). And although they can’t see UVB light, it is required to convert compounds in the skin into vitamin D.
If your exotic pet is diurnal, then it will be healthiest in an environment that provides UVB, UVA, and infrared light.
Unfortunately, because humans also cannot see UVB light it's impossible to tell when your UVB bulb runs out. At the Tye-Dyed Iguana, we provide free UVB bulb checks to ensure your pet is getting enough UVB and vitamin D.